Disaster Management Manual
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4.1.4 Evacuation

In the evacuation phase, government prepares various needs ranging from heavy vehicle location and readiness, human resources and operators, and evacuation plans. The main objective is to prepare an evacuation route or open up existing roads that can be used as an evacuation route and an entry point for aid and urgent logistics. It needs to be noted that the safety and health of all people involved in this evacuation process must be in the best possible condition so that it can run smoothly.

After evacuation and conducting quick assessment, emergency road and bridge infrastructure is the next priority. This step is required to identify the need for emergency road and bridge infrastructure within the disaster area to accelerate logistics delivery. Therefore, the focus of the assessment shifted to the vital things needed as follows:

  1. A well-organized supply service is essential for handling procurement, receiving and storage, as well as road networks that need to be restored immediately to accelerate the logistics and supplies received by the people impacted by the disaster. The road network also plays a big role in communication.
  2. Evacuation routes are essential to move people to a safer location. Evacuation routes must be safe roads for people, emergency vehicles, and heavy vehicles.
  3. Heavy vehicles mobilization needs to be properly accommodated to support rapid disaster response process.
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